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EU wants all new homes to have electric car charging points

By raccars Published

Zoe

Draft EU directive says all new houses in Europe should have electric car recharging points.

Car makers have welcomed EU plans to increase electric car use and improve their viability by working to increase recharging facilities. There are calls for all new homes to have electric car points. Both the Netherlands and Norway have announced that diesel engines will be completely phased out by 2025, a move which is likely to prompt more drivers to choose hybrid and full electric cars.

Draft directive on electric car charging

An EU draft directive, which could come into force by 2019, calls for every refurbished or new house in Europe to have an electric car recharging point. In an added boost for the European electric car market, the regulations also state that ten per cent of all parking spaces which form part of new EU-zone buildings must have recharging facilities by 2023.

The regulations, which are set to be published this year, are aimed at laying the infrastructure for an electric car boom which is being forecast by the Netherlands and Norway because of their plans to phase out diesel vehicles. An increased number of electric car recharging points will add to the convenience of electric vehicles and extend their driving range.

It will also allow them to feed back electricity into the grid, something which could transform the energy climate. This would allow vehicles to supply energy to the power network and balance shortfalls when solar and wind power is not being generated.

Guillaume Berthier, Renault’s director of sales and marketing, said that the sort of market stimulus offered by increasing recharging stations was essential if the numbers of electric cars are to boom. He added that it was also vital to address issues such as how residents of city apartments, for example, will recharge their electric vehicles.

The electric car and air pollution

The EU directive is part of moves aimed at curbing roadside emissions, although they could mean higher emissions of sulphur dioxide (SO2) from road traffic by 2050, if a recent European Environment Agency report is correct. The assumption, based on a continued energy mix including coal power plants, was that SO2 emissions would increase five-fold by 2050 because of electricity production. This was compared with a climate where there were no electric vehicles.

The EEA report calls for EU abatement measures in relation to sulphur dioxide and warns that the extra power demands from electric cars, which are predicted to make up 80 per cent of all cars by the middle of the century, will put a strain on supply capacity. Some estimates have said that this could lead to the requirement for 50 new European power stations.

Why is air pollution an issue for the EU?

The EU is keen to take positive steps to reduce and control air pollution to minimise adverse effects on human health and the planet. Exposure to excessive air pollutants is said to have the potential to cause a range of health problems, including asthma, heart disease and even diabetes.

The head of the EEA air pollution unit, Martin Adams, has called for fundamental decisions to be made to facilitate the creation of a better sustainable energy system in Europe. This will allow the EU to prepare for the increasing numbers of electric cars which will take to the roads over the coming years.

An electric car solution from Renault

Berthier said that his personal opinion was that the future of power supplies for electric vehicles should centre around local storage and a second-life battery. This would mean that batteries could be topped up from solar and wind-powered generators and energy could be sold to the grid during peak periods.

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